Blog de Ciencia y Música

Hearing loss conditions

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Hearing loss is one of the most common health conditions facing Americans today. The right treatment depends on a number of factors, such as severity of hearing loss, the underlying cause, type of hearing loss and your lifestyle.

The first step is getting a hearing test and a thorough evaluation from a hearing care professional.

Why treat hearing loss?

In children, untreated hearing loss negatively impacts language development, learning, and social engagement. Meanwhile, older adults with hearing loss often have difficulty following day-to-day conversations and may begin withdrawing from activities and other things they enjoy.

In fact, for people entering their retirement years, untreated hearing loss has been linked to several physical and psychological issues, ranging from cognitive decline and depression to an increased risk of trips and falls.

The upshot? Hearing aids have health benefits beyond just helping you hear better.  Learn more about from these Sonus Complete reviews.

Health benefits of hearing aids

Treatment for age-related hearing loss

The most common type of hearing loss is presbycusis, or age-related hearing loss. As we get older, the hair cells in our ears stop functioning as well as they used to and eventually stop working altogether. Nearly half of all people 75 or older have hearing loss.

Age-related hearing loss is a type of sensorineural hearing loss, meaning it originates in the inner ear and/or auditory nerve and is generally caused by damage to the inner ear hair cells. Along with aging, noise exposure is another big risk factor for this type of hearing loss.

Sensorineural hearing loss is permanent; hair cells can’t be repaired once they’re damaged. For people with type of hearing loss, hearing aids are the gold standard treatment. In some cases, cochlear implants or bone-anchored hearing aids may be recommended.

While it’s normal to gradually lose hearing as you get older, it’s not a good idea to leave it untreated. Your sense of hearing is a critical connection to the world, both for your safety and for your quality of life. If you’re experiencing a loss in hearing, seek treatment from a hearing healthcare provider who can help you pursue the best options for you.

How do hearing aids help?

If your hearing care professional recommends hearing aids, they will work with you to calibrate them to your specific hearing loss, during a process known as fitting. The basic purpose of a hearing aid is to amplify sound. But today’s hearing aids can be highly customized to your specific hearing needs—amplifying the sounds you need to hear while minimizing those you don’t. While they can’t exactly mimic normal hearing, they work very well for people with mild to moderate hearing loss.

Hearing aids can be worn behind the ear or in the ear depending on the degree of hearing loss and personal preference. There are many types and styles. And yes, if you have hearing loss in both ears, two hearing aids are far better than one.

Treatment for conductive hearing loss

The other main type of hearing loss is known as conductive hearing loss. It’s generally caused by a condition in the outer or middle inner and is usually temporary. Conductive hearing loss can be the result of earwax build-up, fluid in the middle ear or a perforated eardrum.

Conductive hearing loss treatment options usually involve medical intervention from an ear-nose-throat specialist to address the specific cause. In the event medical treatment does not clear up the hearing loss, or the hearing loss is a combination of sensorinueral and conductive, a hearing healthcare professional will investigate other options, such as hearing aids, or surgical implantation of a bone-anchored hearing system or cochlear implant.

Note: Sudden hearing loss in one ear should always be treated quickly.

Sobre el autor

Lucas Sánchez

comentarios

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    Genial entrada!

Blog de Ciencia y Música

Lucas Sánchez (1983)

Nací en Valencia y estudié Bioquímica en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Investigué durante casi 10 años en el Centro Nacional de Biotecnología en el diseño de vacunas para enfermedades prevalentes en el tercer mundo. Durante todos aquellos años tonteé todo lo que pude con el periodismo y la divulgación científica, escribiendo para Público, Materia, Naukas y más recientemente para El País y Radio Nacional de España. Finalmente decidí montar mi propia agencia de comunicación científica: Scienseed.

Fuera del ámbito científico fui guitarrista de los Leftover Lights, banda con la que edité dos discos de estudio “Turning the lights on” (2012) y “Universe” (2014). He escrito una novela que se llama “Impostores” (2012) y, desde entonces, siempre está a puntito de salir la segunda.